In the 1980s, the era of new paradigms and languages were innovated. A group of scientists began to develop Haskell, a purely functional programming language that was last published in 1990. Its name is based on a U.S. mathematician called Haskell Brooks Curry.
Haskell is modern, standard, purely functional programming and easy-going language designed primarily to manage various applications, ranging from numerical to symbolic. It also has expressive syntax and magnificent inbuilt architecture.
Haskell is an entirely Functional, easy-going Programming Language specifically designed to survive with large-scale industrial production applications as it is known for its rich built architecture. Haskell programs are written as Mathematical functions.
Features of Haskell:
- Ease to understand: You can easily understand Functional programs because they are not imperative or procedural. But, even if they are simple to understand, their implementation is quite tricky.
- code reuse: It supports polymorphism which means it supports not only integers but also floating-point numbers, Lists of characters, lists, etc.
- Memory Management: To manage memory, you must use the Keyword malloc or calloc in languages like c because freeing the memory after using it is necessary. But the Haskell programmer is relieved from this burden in functional programming because of the storage being assigned, initialized implicitly, and recovered naturally by the garbage collector.
- Statically-typed: A language where variable types are known at the time of compiling is a statically-typed four language, which helps the programmers to identify mistakes in compile time. It also helps in decreasing the difficulties of large-scale programs.
- Purely functional: A manner of building a program that treats all the computations as mathematical functions.
- Lazy evaluation: Functional programming like Haskell jumps the evaluating of arguments in functions which expands the performance of the code helping programs compose very well.
- Type inference: It helps solve the repetition of code explicitly written for every type of program.
- Multithreading: Threads are an essential processor that handles or processes steps in a program. A Language that only has a Single thread means that at a time, only one execution can take place. Haskell is a multi-threaded language that allows it to do parallel execution of statements in the program. Multithreading also helps increase the processing power of a programming language’s execution.
Why should you use Haskell?
Haskell gives several features such as:
- Provides you with higher programmer productivity.
- It has short, clean code and easy to maintain.
- They offer higher reliability.
- Also provide High Compiling power.
- Most big software products’ lives are spent in design and maintenance because functional programming languages are very easy to maintain.
How should a Haskell code be run?
The Glasgow Haskell Compiler, or GHC, runs the Haskell code. Its characteristics are:
- It gives a cross-platform environment.
- It also supports many extensions, libraries, and optimizations that help generate and execute code.
The base of functional programming is mathematical functions. Some of the other programming languages that also supports functional programming paradigm are:
- Elixir programming
- Closure, etc.
Check more details of the software development in Haskell on this domain: https://www.comeaucomputing.com/haskell-software-development/